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Illinois is introducing a massive crime reform bill that will have a major impact on anyone involved in the criminal justice system.  Contact our office to discuss how these changes will impact your rights.

For years, law enforcement has been able to access prescription drug databases to see if a person suspected of criminal activity is using any controlled substances. Defense attorneys have argued that these database inquiries by law enforcement amount to warrantless searches and violate the privacy rights of the individual.

However, there appears to be a shift in attitude of some courts, as well as lawmakers, to restrict what law enforcement can and cannot access without a warrant.

All but two states in the country, Nebraska and Missouri, have prescription drug databases for oxycodone and other strong narcotics. Seventeen of those states require police to obtain a warrant before they are able to search the databases. The other states – except Vermont – allow police to search without warrants, as long as there is an active investigation taking place. The Vermont system, however, is closed completely to law enforcement.


We often hear the terms “first degree murder” and “second degree murder” on the news, on television shows, and in the movies, but not many people know the small yet major differences between the two crimes. It is important to know the specific criteria for each of these two crimes, and your Cook County criminal attorney can help you with any questions you may have.

By definition, first degree murder is murder that is planned and committed against one or more persons, under a few various special circumstances. These special circumstances can include, but are not limited to, combining murder with other offenses such as kidnapping, hijacking, robbery, involving extreme torture, and a few others. The crime is considered even more serious if the offender has committed a similar crime in the past.

Second degree murder, on the other hand, is premeditated murder against spouse or relatives, or due to personal gain and interest, without the special circumstances aforementioned. Typically, second degree murder is seen as less grave than first degree, but not by much.

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